What is Acetylene?
Acetylene is an essential component for chemical synthesis. As the simplest alkyne, with the formula C2H2, it is used in a wide range of synthetic processes, including the manufacturing of polyvinyl chloride and other essential chemicals, and a wide range of specialty products: vitamins, fragrances, flavors, and many others.
For these uses, acetylene purity is essential so that the chemicals being produced are made flawlessly, without harmful impurities.
While acetylene is familiar as a fuel for welding and metal cutting, approximately three-quarters of the world’s supply of acetylene is used for chemical manufacturing, where purity is essential.
Generating acetylene requires energy-intensive processes that consume considerable fuel. Acetylene production also depends on large scale plants for favorable economics. Furthermore, the acetylene output from these processes contains multiple impurities and chemical byproducts, all of which must be removed to create an acetylene stream that is suitable for chemical manufacturing.
In addition, acetylene is costly and complex to distribute, requiring compression in heavy bottles or tanks and specialized transportation.
Transform Materials' process for generating acetylene is efficient. Using modular technology, our process integrates seamlessly with existing industrial systems and architecture to minimize adoption costs. It is readily scalable to match customer needs, whether for large plants or small industrial applications. By producing acetylene at the customer's facility, Transform’s system bypasses the need for the complex logistics that have been the norm in the acetylene industry. Most importantly, Transform’s reactors yield acetylene without themselves generating CO2.
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Hydrogen – a Clean Source
Hydrogen, when used to generate power in a fuel cell or power plant, combines with oxygen to yield only water.
Thus it is a clean fuel that does not produce any greenhouse gases. Hydrogen is an attractive energy source for use in fuel cells for transportation and power generation, replacing greenhouse gas-emitting materials such as gasoline and diesel.
It can also be used to produce electricity instead of traditional sources such as oil, coal, and natural gas.
Currently, over 99% of all hydrogen production comes from steam methane reforming (SMR). This process requires high temperatures and combusts fossil fuels to achieve these temperatures, while also creating additional CO2 in the production process.
The primary options to produce clean hydrogen, carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) and electrolysis, have their limitations. CCS requires specific geologic formations and is costly to capture dispose of the carbon. Electrolysis offers the potential for green hydrogen but is highly energy intensive and requires more than four time as much electricity as the Transform process to produce hydrogen.
Transform Materials offers a process for generating hydrogen that avoids the drawbacks of conventional hydrogen production. Our system is a green technology that efficiently yields a high purity product with zero CO2 generated in the process.